Stomach cramps, pimples, back pain, and fluctuating emotional ups and downs are some of the classic signs of PMS before the arrival of monthly guests. In addition, there are also many women who complain about the numbers on their scales going up when they want to mens. What causes weight gain during menstruation? See below.
The cause of your weight gain during menstruation is related to your PMS symptoms
About 85% of women will experience PMS before the first day of menstruation. Although it is not yet known exactly what causes PMS, experts suspect that this series of annoying symptoms is related to hormonal changes in a woman’s body.
Changes in this hormone can affect your increase in appetite. Your appetite is regulated by two typeshormone, Ghrelin is the trigger for appetite produced in the stomach and leptin is produced in cell cells to suppress hunger. Changes in the body’s hormones can disrupt the work of these two hungry hormones, so the stomach triggers the release of more hormone ghrelin while leptin production is actually braked. Higher appetite can certainly be the cause of weight gain during menstruation.
In addition, an increase in body weight during menstruation may also be affected by heavy buildup of water in the body, aka water retention. Water weight gain is also affected by hormonal changes during menstruation, saidMary Jane Minkin, M.D., a professor of gynecology from Yale Medical School.
This time, the hormone responsible for increasing the weight of water is the hormone estrogen. More estrogen levels make the body’s cells store more fluids. In the end, this makes the body feel firmer and denser, especially in the breast.This increase in water can occur 5-7 days before the first day of menstruation, but the amount is not much – onlyaround 0.5 kg
Mood changes can also make weight gain during menstruation
Still related to hormonal changes during menstruation. Towards menstruation, some women experience drastic mood changes, such as irritability, sadness, and some even show symptoms of mild depression. Emotional turmoil coupled with daily stress and other painful STD symptoms can further increase your stress levels. Eating when emotions can make your food portion uncontrolled and cause weight gain.
Research in the International Journal of Eating Disorder in 2015 even shows that mood changes during menstruation actually provide a higher effect of increasing appetite than the effect of biological changes in the hormone itself.
Is this weight gain permanent?
In general, gaining weight during your period will shrink again after your menstruation is complete. When you start menstruating, estrogen levels will begin to decline to normal levels so that even water can lose weight.
But of course the numbers on the scale can stay or even go up, if during PMS and menstruation you still eat a lot.
What should be done to control this change in body weight?
- Drink plenty of water to eliminate water retention by consuming 8-10 glasses of water per day.
- Avoid fatty foods, alcohol, and caffeine that trigger the body to hold water, especially before the menstrual period occurs
- Limit foods that contain high salt before and during menstruation to reduce the weight of water in the body. This means, reduce salty foods and preservative foods.
- Always do regular exercise before and during menstruation. Regular physical activity helps reduce menstrual symptoms. In addition, with exercise can help reduce stress and reduce appetite that arises when the hormone estrogen peaks (just before menstrual blood out).
- Appetite control increases before menstruation. Do not over-indulge and indulge in overeating.