Ovarian cysts are one of the common health problems in women. Cysts are actually not a serious problem because they can go away on their own, but your doctor may advise you to remove them so they do not develop. The next question in many women’s minds is, does the ovarian cyst surgery procedure also require lifting the uterus?
How can cysts form in the ovary?
A cyst is a sac-shaped tissue growth filled with fluid. If the cyst grows in the ovary, the cyst is called an ovarian cyst. Every woman can have this cyst, especially women who are still menstruating every month. Because, cysts develop from follicles containing egg cells which once a month will break or decay because they are not fertilized. Follicles that fail to break down will eventually form cysts.
Ovarian cysts can generally disappear on their own and cause no symptoms. Doctors can also prescribe birth control pills to reduce cysts while reducing the risk of new cyst formation. However, in some cases, cysts can grow larger, causing complaints such as abdominal pain, bloating, and abdominal swelling. If your condition does not improve and the size of the cyst is getting bigger, the doctor will advise you to undergo ovarian cyst surgery.
There are two types of ovarian cyst surgery
Ovarian cyst surgery should be done when the cyst lump does not disappear and continues to grow. This operation aims to prevent the occurrence of complications or prevent the development of cysts into cancer.
There are two types of surgery for ovarian cysts, namely laparoscopy and laparotomy. Laparoscopy is the procedure of cutting a cyst with a special device in the form of an elastic hose that is inserted through a small incision in the stomach. Meanwhile, the incision made by the doctor during the laparotomy procedure will usually be larger and deeper for easy access when removing the cyst. Whichever procedure you take, then the incision will be closed with stitches.
Does ovarian cyst surgery also need to remove the uterus?
Reporting from the NHS Choice, ovarian cyst surgery performed by laparoscopic technique does not need to lift the uterus because it only aims to lift the cyst. But in some cases, surgery requires that the doctor remove one of the ovaries so that only one ovary is left. The remaining ovaries can still release the hormones estrogen and progesterone and produce eggs normally. Only, the consequence is that you are likely to be more difficult to get pregnant.
If you are advised to undergo a laparotomy, then most likely both your ovaries and uterus also need to be removed. Because the laparotomy is a procedure for removing cysts that have developed into cancer.
The removal of the reproductive organs is done to prevent cancer cells from expanding to undermine your body. If your two pairs of ovaries and uterus are removed along with the cyst, you cannot get pregnant again.
However, the doctor also needs to consider other things before deciding that your uterus must also be removed. If you haven’t experienced menopause, your doctor will try to keep the uterus and ovaries intact so that your fertility will have no effect. You can still plan a pregnancy and have children.
The choice of ovarian cyst surgery procedure performed depends on the health condition and type of cyst. So, not all surgical removal of cysts will cause a woman to lose her womb.