Although the myoma is a benign tumor that is not cancerous or malignant, you still need to be alert. This article will help you recognize what symptoms of myoma might occur.
What is a myoma?
Myoma is the growth of tumor cells in or around the uterus (uterus) that are not cancerous or malignant. Myoma is also known as myoma, uterine fibroids, or leiomyoma. Miom comes from the uterine muscle cells which begin to grow abnormally. This growth ultimately forms a benign tumor.
What are the symptoms of myoma that might be detected?
Some women have experienced myoma in their lives. But sometimes this condition is unknown to many women, because there are no obvious symptoms. If there are, the symptoms of myoma that might appear are
- The menstrual period is longer than usual.
- Large amounts of menstrual blood.
- Pain or pain in the abdomen or lower back.
- Discomfort, even pain, during intercourse.
- Frequent urination.
- Experiencing constipation or difficulty defecating.
- Miscarriage, infertility, or problems during pregnancy (very rare).
What causes myoma to appear?
Until now, the cause of myoma is still unknown. The appearance of this condition is associated with the hormone estrogen (the reproductive hormone produced by the ovary). Usually myoma appears at the age of around 16-50 years, when estrogen levels in women are high.
After experiencing menopause, myoma will shrink due to decreased estrogen levels. One in three women have a myoma at the same age, which is between the ages of 30-50 years.
Myoma is more common in women who are overweight or obese. With increasing body weight, the hormone estrogen in the body will also increase.
In addition, hereditary factors also play a role in myoma cases. Women whose mothers or sisters have had myoma, will tend to experience myomas as well. Knowing the symptoms of myoma is the first step to prevent complications of this disease.
Some other factors that can increase the risk of developing myoma are menstruation which starts too early, consumes a lot of red meat compared to vegetables and fruits, and habits of consuming alcohol.The risk of a woman experiencing myoma will decrease after giving birth to a child. The risk will be smaller if you have more children.
How is the myoma usually detected?
Myoma is sometimes diagnosed unintentionally when you do a gynecological examination, do a certain test, or imaging. This happens because the myoma often causes no symptoms at all.
If you experience some of the symptoms of the myoma and last a long time, immediately find out the cause. Usually the doctor will recommend undergoing an ultrasound scan (USG) to confirm the diagnosis or find out the cause of the symptoms that you are experiencing.
How to treat myoma?
Miom which does not produce certain symptoms, usually does not require special treatment. Usually after menopause, this type of myoma will shrink or even disappear without treatment. Treatment will only be done on the myoma that causes symptoms. This treatment works to relieve the symptoms that appear.
If the treatment carried out does not have an effective impact, the implementation of operating procedures needs to be carried out.