About 75% of infected women and 50% of men with chlamydia do not show any symptoms!
Chlamydia is one of the most common bacterial sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). It can damage female reproductive organs and lead to infertility if not treated promptly. Most often, this infection “quietly”, without any symptoms, damages the health and therefore rapidly spreads among the sexually active population.
WHAT IS CHLAMADY?
Chlamydia is an infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, which is most commonly transmitted in two ways:
- During sexual intercourse. Chlamydia can be transmitted by vaginal, oral or anal intercourse with an infected partner.
- From the baby’s mother during childbirth. A mother infected with chlamydia can give birth to her newborn infant in vaginal delivery.
Chlamydia can affect the rectum and urethra, and in women and the cervix. Any sexually active person can be infected with chlamydia, but it is most common among people who have not reached 25 years of age. The higher the number of sexual partners, the greater the risk of getting chlamydia.
Most chlamydia patients have mild or no symptoms. It is therefore very difficult, without proper tests, to assess whether a person is infected with chlamydia or not. In fact, about 75% of infected women and 50% of men with chlamydia do not show any symptoms. When symptoms are present, they occur within a period of 1-3 weeks after sexual contact with the infected person.
Symptoms of chlamydia in women
- An abnormal vaginal discharge that may have an unpleasant smell;
- Roasting during wetting;
- Abnormal bleeding between menstrual periods or after sexual intercourse;
- Pain in sexual intercourse (dyspareunia);
- Pain during menstruation;
- Irregular menstrual bleeding;
- Abdominal pain followed by temperature;
- Itching or baking in or around the vagina;
- Rectal discharge, pain or bleeding from the anus.
Symptoms of chlamydia in men
- Painful urination, i.e. Baking feeling during urination;
- A small amount of pure or mild leachate from the tip of the penis;
- Baking, itching and / or redness around the penis opening;
- Pain and swelling around the testicles;
- Rectal discharge, pain or bleeding from the anus.
Chlamydia is also transmitted in the absence of symptoms. A person infected with chlamydia is the carrier of the same until he is cured.
Chlamydia may be confused with the gonorrhea due to the similarity of symptoms, and often these two diseases are present simultaneously. Most often chlamydia is diagnosed by taking cervical smears from the cervix and the urethra from the urethra in men, or by examining the urine for the presence of the Chlamydia trachomatis bacterium.
Many women INCORRECTLY believe that chlamydia can be diagnosed through a routine PAP test.
The good news is that after diagnosis chlamydia is easily treated with antibiotics. Treatment is also required in both partners to prevent relapse or spread of the disease. Infection usually disappears 1-2 weeks after initiation of treatment, but if symptoms occur even after the end of that period, the patient must be consulted with an expert. It is very important to receive all prescribed antibiotics, although the infected person may feel better even before the end of the treatment.
After receiving antibiotics, it is advisable to test again to check if the infection has been cured. Sexual relationships are not recommended until both partners are told that they are no longer present with chlamydia.
If he is treated immediately, chlamydia does not cause serious problems. But if left unattended, it can cause unwanted complications.
- In women – pelvic inflammatory disease. If chlamydia spreads, it can cause Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PID is a term used to describe infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes and / or ovaries. Mostly PID sufferers suffer from tuberculosis that can be damaged or completely blocked. This complicates or disables the conception process and increases the risk of pregnancy or preterm labor in pregnant women. In addition to chlamydia, another common cause of PID is gonorrhea.
- In newborns – conjunctivitis and pneumonia. The mother during vaginal delivery can hand over the infection to the newborn. Chlamydia delivered during delivery can cause conjunctivitis (an inflammation of the eye’s membrane in the newborn) or a pneumonia that can be dangerous to his life. These two health conditions in the newborn can be treated with antibiotics.
- In men – epididymitis. If left untreated, chlamydia can cause epididymitis in men. It is an infection of the epididymis, part of the male reproductive system in which the sperm is stored and matures once it is released from the testes.
HOW CAN YOU PROTECT FROM CHLAMYDIA?
One thing is certain – protection from chlamydia is far easier than treating it, so:
- Practice safe sex. To protect yourself from chlamydia, use a condom. Latex condoms are a good protection against this STD.
- Limit the number of sexual partners. With each new sexual partner you expose yourself to all the infections that he and his previous partners had.
- Test yourself. The best way to protect yourself from chlamydia is to test for STDs and you and your new partner before having a sexual relationship. It is also very important that any pregnant woman or woman planning to conceive is tested not only for chlamydia but also for the other most common STDs.
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