Anemia during pregnancy can cause impairments and growth problems in the fetus. For this reason, it is important to know how to prevent it, but also to treat it. This way, you will avoid further complications and stay healthy during pregnancy.
Anemia is the disease that occurs in the body because of a deficiency of the protein that is responsible for the transport of oxygen, called hemoglobin, and by the decrease of red blood cells.
Anemia causes difficulties in the process of oxygenation of cells and, at the same time, interferes with the functioning of different organs important for health.
A person with anemia is in a state of chronic fatigue and, in the most severe cases, can develop disorders such as hypertension, infections and memory loss.
In general, anemia is caused by a lack of iron in the blood or because the body does not contain enough vitamin B12.
However, it can also occur because of hereditary factors that prevent the development of red blood cells, either by their rarity or because of their excessive production.
Thus, the body must exert more effort in obtaining oxygen to supply organs and tissues and reduce the feeling of discomfort or fatigue.
Anemia during pregnancy
Anemia that affects pregnant women can be caused by hereditary factors, or by a lack of hemoglobin in the blood. In some cases, this disease can affect pregnancy development.
During pregnancy, the amount of hemoglobin and red blood cells decreases because of a process called hemodilution. This causes the two components to be diluted in fluids that are used to transfer the nutrients that the fetus needs for growth.
Therefore, pregnant women should be very careful and follow a proper diet to avoid complications during pregnancy. They must prevent anemia both for their health and for the baby who is developing.
During pregnancy, the fetus depends on the blood channels. When anemia occurs, the body needs a greater effort to fight it, which directly affects the fetus.
Therefore, the process of growth of the fetus is not the same because it can suffer diseases during pregnancy. For this reason, complications such as premature births or babies with very low weight can occur.
To avoid this, it is recommended that during pregnancy, the mothers follow a special diet. This usually includes eating foods rich in vitamin B and iron, such as:
- Green vegetables
Foods to fight anemia during pregnancy
Here are some foods you can eat if you have anemia during pregnancy:
Drink three glasses of milk a day. Milk is a rich source of nutrients and vitamins of type A, B and C. These particularly help the processes of regeneration of the blood.
Prepare oatmeal and drink 3 to 4 glasses a day. Oats provide fiber to the body and help the fetus to be stronger and healthier.
As we mentioned before, consume fish in good quantity. Choose preferably tuna, sardines, salmon or cod. You will get all the vitamin B that your body needs in the process of hemodilution.
Replace the consumption of soft drinks with tomato juice, because it brings vitamins of type E and C.
Eat granola because cereals are also very suitable when it comes to getting more iron. Cereals and nuts, in addition to providing this essential nutrient for blood, provide large amounts of fiber.