9 Most Common Causes of Pelvic Pain Women

Pelvic pain can occur to anyone, but it is more common in women than men. The pain is usually centered around the lower abdomen, including below the navel and hips. Pelvic pain may occur suddenly and is severe (acute), or it can be mild but last for months (chronic).The following are some of the most common causes of pelvic pain.

The most common causes of pelvic pain

1. Appendicitis

Appendicitis often causes pelvic pain especially on the lower right side which may occur along with nausea, vomiting, and fever. This pain can be made worse by coughing reflexes and straining during bowel movements. Clogged appendix can rupture and endanger life. So, the appendix should be quickly removed before it has caused an infection and results in intestinal leakage.


2. Iritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

Iritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is an inflammation of the large intestine that can cause painful cramps in the pelvic area and lower abdomen, bloating, and constipation or diarrhea that occurs continuously. IBS is a long-term problem that recurs at any time.

However, changes in diet high in fiber and adequate fluid requirements can help control symptoms. If you have IBS, doctors in general will also recommend more regular exercise to facilitate digestion and reduce stress.

3. Ovulation pain

Ovulation is the period of ovulation of ovary ovaries. This process can cause pain in the pelviscalled mittelschmerz. The pain usually occursjust before and during ovulation, when the membrane covering the ovary stretches to release the egg.

Blood and fluid released during ovulation can also cause pain or discomfort. This pain varies from woman to woman, and may take several minutes to hours. Even so, pain during ovulation can heal itself without medical treatment.

4. Ectopic pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy that occurs when a fertilized egg attaches and develops in a place other than the uterus. Ectopic pregnancy can occur in the fallopian tube, in the abdominal cavity, in the ovary (ovary), or the cervix (cervix).

So, an ectopic pregnancy is often also referred to as pregnancy outside the womb. Ectopic pregnancy is the cause of abdominal pain and cramping which is very painful and usually only concentrated on one side (where the egg cell attaches). Other symptoms includevaginal bleeding, nausea, vomiting, bahu and the neck hurts, the groin aches, so the head rotates, dizzy, and often wants to faint.

5. Venereal disease

Some sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia and gonorrhea can be the cause of pelvic pain in women and men.These two venereal diseases can occur simultaneously and do not always cause symptoms. However, if you cause symptoms generally you will feel pain when urinating, and penis fluid or abnormal vaginal discharge.

6. Pelvic inflammatory disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a bacterial infection that attacks the pelvic area and its surroundings (uterus, cervix, ovary or fallopian tube) thatinfectious. PIDcan also be a complication of venereal disease, such as gonorrhea.

This condition can cause damage to the oviduct, ovary, and uterus. Common symptoms of pelvic inflammation include pelvic pain that spreads to the stomach, abnormal vaginal discharge, and pain during intercourse or urination.

7. Endometriosis

Endometriosis is the growth of tissue lining the inner wall of the uterus to be outside the uterus. Because it has the same characteristics as the inner wall of the uterus, this abnormal tissue can also thicken and then collapse when menstruation arrives.

However, shed blood cannot come out through the vagina. As a result, the remaining tissue and blood then accumulate in the body causing cysts and the development of painful scarring

8. Uterine fibroids

Fibroids are benign growths in the uterus. As a result, you can feel pressure or a heavy / tight / full sensation in the lower abdomen. Fibroids rarely cause sharp pelvic pain, unless tumor growth begins to inhibit the blood supply to the uterus and eventually turn off the surrounding tissue.

9. Other causes

Apart from the various conditions mentioned above, there are still several other causes of pelvic pain:

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